EU ETS & Cement
Enter the Phase IV

Purchase with appropriate licence:

3,450.004,150.00 ex VAT

  • No. of plants: 263 (201 operational)
  • No. of countries: 31 (incl. UK)
  • Format: PDF & optional Excel with data
  • Licence: Individual and Corporate
  • Pages: 170

Description & Purchasing options

Report published Q1 2022

This report is designed specifically for the cement industry and contains a unique combination of data, analysis, forecasts, and insights on the important issue of carbon emissions. No theories, speculation, or opinions are offered in this report, only facts and data driven analysis.

There is no other similar report on the market. This report compliments the CemBR report “EU ETS & Cement – How did we get to this point?” published in October 2019 (from Phase I to Phase III) and available to purchase on this website.

Purchasing options only for corporate licence: 

You may purchase parts of the report as follows:

Contact us with your selection

Chapters 1 and 2 (see contents below). Report only: Euro 250 – Report plus Excel: Euro 300

1.1 Why is there a need for an updated EU ETS & Cement report?
1.2 Why Should You Read This Report?
1.3 A Short Background

2.1 Sources of CO2 in Cement Manufacturing
2.1.1 Process (Raw Materials Decarbonation)
2.1.2 Fuel Combustion
2.1.3 Relative Proportion of CO2 Sources
2.2 Technology of European Cement Plants and CO2 Implications
2.3 Raw Materials Impact on CO2 Emissions
2.4 Fuel Combustion Impact on CO2 Emissions
2.4.1 Alternative Fuels and CO2 Emissions Monitoring
2.4.2 How Can Producers Reduce CO2 From Fuels?
2.5 Grinding Processes – Clinker Substitution

Total of 13 pages

Chapters 3,4 and 6 (see contents below). Report only: Euro 700 – Report plus Excel: Euro 800

3.1 EU ETS Phases So Far
3.2 EU ETS Historical Prices
3.3 The UK ETS
3.4 Carbon Border Adjustment Mechanism (CBAM)

4.1 Conclusions of Phase III
4.2 Plant Closures
4.3 Part 1 of Phase IV – What to Expect Next?

6.0 Conclusions

Total of 33 pages

Chapters 5 – Country specific data and analysis (4 pages per country, some larger countries have 5 pages)

Price per country: Report only: Euro 150 – Report plus Excel Euro 170

Countries available: 

5.1 Austria
5.2 Belgium
5.3 Bulgaria
5.4 Croatia
5.5 Cyprus
5.6 Czech Republic
5.7 Denmark
5.8 Finland
5.9 France
5.10 Germany
5.11 Greece
5.12 Hungary
5.13 Ireland
5.14 Italy
5.15 Latvia
5.16 Lithuania
5.17 Luxembourg
5.18 Norway
5.19 Poland
5.20 Portugal
5.21 Romania
5.22 Slovakia
5.23 Slovenia
5.24 Spain
5.25 Sweden
5.26 United Kingdom

Contents per country:

Data on: Number of integrated cement plants, clinker capacity, clinker production, clinker utilisation rates. Emissions in Phase III, emissions per tonne of clinker Phase III against benchmark, surplus /deficit of carbon, number of plants in deficit, and average emissions per tonne of clinker end of Phase IIII.  Detailed narrative on the above data. Clinker consumption profile (2020) and free allowances to 2025 with narrative. Clinker consumption projections to 2025. Carbon cost estimates under Phase IV conditions (2021 and 2022), cement price increases for recovering carbon costs. Carbon emissions distribution per plant, estimated plant utilisation rates if no further carbon credits are purchased, including explanatory narrative on individual plants and potential strategies of plants going forward.

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EU ETS & Cement – Enter the Phase IV report contents:

Setting the scene:

  • Cement and carbon emissions – some basic facts and insights
  • EU ETS Phases so far
  • How did Phase III fared?
  • Phase IV – what does it mean?
  • Carbon pricing – “up and up?”
  • Carbon Border Adjustment Mechanism (CBAM) – What is it? How can it be implemented? Who may be impacted and how?
  • Reference to UK ETS will also be included

Data, analysis, insights, and forecasts:

  • Several aggregated factors relevant to the EU ETS members’ past performance and future potential
  • Country by country insights and analysis to include:
    • Emissions balance at the end of Phase III – 2020 surplus, 2020 number of plants in deficit, 2020 average emissions per tonne of clinker
    • Performance vis-à-vis Phase III benchmark – narrative on 2020 performance and data
    • Grey clinker consumption profile – 2020
    • 2013 – 2025 free carbon allowances
    • 2020 – 2025 clinker consumption projections and resultant utilisation rates
    • Clinker production profile to match carbon allowances 2021 – 2025 compared to recent clinker production data
    • Implications on utilisation rates and trading
    • Estimation of carbon costs 2021 – 2025 if recent clinker utilisation rates were maintained, impact on cement pricing
    • Average carbon emissions reported by plant 2014- 2018
  • Plant by plant data and insights:
    • Map with plants and utilisation rates at no further carbon purchases
    • Narrative on several topics: alternative fuels, upgrades of plants etc.
    • Narrative on issues and potential strategies of individual plants during Phase IV
    • NB: The UK will be included in the above sections.

Conclusions would help answer the following questions:

  • Which countries look exposed vis-à-vis carbon costs and why?
  • Which plants look vulnerable vis-à-vis carbon costs and why?
  • What might the strategy of individual players be during Phase IV?
  • How important is the carbon issue in Europe going forward?

Our proprietary analytical tools:

Domestic Capacity Utilisation Factor – DCUF™ – Propensity to export / import.

International Trading Assessment Matrix – ITAM™, Capability to export / import.

Capacity Concentration Balance Index (CCBI™). CCBI™ assesses the potential of each cement plant’s theoretical sales to each statistically available region of a national market, taking into account the plant’s capacity and proximity to consumption centres.

Micro-Market Attractiveness Matrix (MAM™). MAM™ examines statistically available regions for their existing and potential growth prospects.

Industry Structure and Dynamics – ISD™ – Nature of Participants, Consolidation Index, Cost Structure and Industry Profitability.

CemBR Ranking Tool – CemBRRT™ – Overall Market Attractiveness Assessment

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